Identifying Cache-Based Side Channels in Production Software | HKUST CSE

Speaker:        Shuai Wang
                Pennsylvania State University

Title:          "Identifying Cache-Based Side Channels in Production
                 Software"

Date:           Monday, 26 February 2018

Time:           4:00pm - 5:00pm

Venue:          Lecture Theater F (near lifts 25/26), HKUST

Abstract:

Side-channel attacks recover secret information by analyzing the physical
implementation of cryptosystems based on non-functional computational
characteristics, e.g. time, power, and acoustic. Among all well-known side
channels, cache-based side channels are notoriously severe, leading to
practical attacks against certain implementations of theoretically secure
crypto algorithms, such as RSA, ElGamal and AES. Such attacks target the
hierarchical design of the modern computer memory system, where different
memory access patterns of a program can bring observable cache status
difference.

In this talk, Shuai Wang will present novel techniques to help software
developers identify potential vulnerabilities that can lead to cache-based
side channel attacks. The technique leverages constraint solving to detect
potential cache access differences at each program point. He will also
describe two approaches, which leverage symbolic execution and abstract
interpretation to deliver scalable detection of side channels. The
proposed techniques have been implemented into two practical tools, and
both tools have discovered a large number of known and unknown
side-channel vulnerabilities from real-world cryptosystems. He will
conclude by discussing opportunities he is excited to explore in the
future, including supporting the detection of new side channel threats,
eliminating side channel vulnerabilities from existing software, and
providing new infrastructures for side channel detection on x86 and IoT
platforms.


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Biography:

Shuai Wang is a Ph.D. candidate in College of Information Sciences and
Technology, Pennsylvania State University. He is advised by Dinghao Wu.
Shuai Wang is broadly interested in computer security and specializes in
software security. The overall goal of his research is to enable building
more secure software systems. In addition to publications at top-tier
venues for Computer Security and Software Engineering, his work has also
achieved notable impacts.For example, his binary reverse engineering work
has been adopted and enhanced by two teams among the seven finalists in
the 2016 DARPA Cyber Grand Challenge (CGC) competition.